额尔古纳市拉不大林新兴煤矿资金管理存在的问题及对策

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额尔古纳市拉不大林新兴煤矿资金管理存在的问题及对策(论文26000字)
摘 要
近年来,随着公共财政体系的建立,各级财政越来越加大对社会事业发展的投入,支持的领域涉及到农业、社会保障、卫生、教育、政法等多个系统和行业,财政的大力投入推动了县级以下地方的社会各项事业迅速发展。通过审计发现,大部分资金能用于指定的用途,资金管理正在逐步加强,但也存在一些不容忽视的问题:一是一些实施单位直接挤占资金。不按项目实施方案开展项目,改变了资金用途;二是部分专项资金被套取,或是用于部门单位日常公用经费开支,或是被项目实施单位体外循环,用于个人福利、吃喝招待等;三是一些项目实施单位虚假报帐,骗取项目资金;四是部分部门单位只注重申报项目和争取资金,不注重调查研究,可行性研究不够,造成项目竣工投产后无法正常运营;五是部分项目实施缓慢,或达不到质量要求,致使项目资金滞留、闲置以及被其他项目占用,未能尽快地发挥资金的效益。上述种种问题反映,目前的专项资金管理领域还很不规范,致使部分国家财政资金损失浪费,国家的政策目标难以实现。造成上述问题的根本原因一是参与专项资金审批的政府部门对项目设置不切实际,项目审批形同虚设,有的甚至作为谋取个人利益的手段,项目申报部门只重视争取资金,致使项目实施流于形式;二是一些部门单位财政供养人员多,负担重,人员经费、机构运转经费不足不得不挤占;三是监督机制不全,一些项目监督检查部门不注重日常检查或检查时走过场,流于形式,“睁一只眼闭一只眼”,造成项目实施达不到要求,有的项目甚至就没有实施。要改变目前这种状况,还需在制度、机制上进行不断地完善。
关键词:资金;财务管理;对策


Abstract
This article refers to by the Jeeta and gasoline engine’s related parameter achievement, it has carried on the structural design compution for main parts of the crank link mechanism in the gasoline engine with four cylinders, and has carried on theoretical analysis and simulation analysis in computer in kinematics and dynamics for the crank link mechanism.
First, motion laws and stress in movement about the crank link mechanism are analyzed in detail and the precise analysis results are obtained. Next separately to the piston group, the linkage as well as the crank carries on the detailed structural design, and has carried on the structural strength and the rigidity examination. Once more, applys three-dimensional and software solid company establishing the geometry models of all kinds of parts in the crank link mechanism, then useing the Solidworks software assembling function assembles the components of crank link into the piston module, the connecting rod module and the crank module, then using company software mechanism analysis module and so on, establishes the multi-rigid dynamics model of the crank link, and carries on the kinematics analysis and the dynamics analysis simulation, and it studies the piston and the connecting rod movement rule as well as crank link motion gear movement envelopment. The analysis of simulation results shows that those simulation results are meet to true working state of engine. It also shows that the simulation method introduced here can offer a new efficient and convenient way for the mechanism choosing and optimized design of crank-connecting rod mechanism in engine.

Key words: Capital system; Financial constraints; Company manegment

目  录   
摘 要    I
Abstract    II
绪 论    6
1资金管理问题的概述    6
1.1 资金管理的概念    7
1.2 资金管理的基本原则    7
       1.2.1 分散投资的原则......................................................................................................7
     1.2.2 集中管理原则.........................................................................................................9
     1.2.3 风险第一原则........................................................................................................10
1.2.4 客观评估原则........................................................................................................10
1.3 资金管理的意义    11
         1.3.1 保证生产经营的正常化........................................................................................12
     1.3.2有利于提高资金利用率.........................................................................................14
     1.3.3 有利于增加经济效益...........................................................................................15.
1.4 额尔古纳市拉布大林新兴煤矿的公司概况..............................................................15.
2 导致额尔古纳市拉不大林新兴煤矿资金管理出现问题的原因分析    ...17
2.1  该公司资金使用存在的问题    ...17
2.1.1 盲目投标项目资金支出增加    .....18
2.1.2 现金收入预算缺乏科学性    ..21
 2.2该公司资金来源存在的问题    21
    2.2.1营业利润逐渐减少    22
    2.2.2 企业吸纳资金能力薄弱    23
3 解决额尔古纳市拉不大林新兴煤矿资金管理出现问题的对策    24
3.1  解决该公司资金使用存在问题的对策    24
3.1.1加强项目开发管理    25
3.1.2 完善资金预算制度    30
3.2 解决该公司资金来源存在的问题    32
        3.2.1拓宽销售渠道....................................................................................................33
       3.2.2 拓宽融资渠道...................................................................................................34
结 论.........................................................................................................................................36
致 谢    37
参考文献    38
Appendix    39
附 录    40