贝类挖洞机器人-与挖洞效率相关联的壳形态和运动模式(含外文出处)

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贝类挖洞机器人-与挖洞效率相关联的壳形态和运动模式(含外文出处)(中文4000字,英文2900字)
摘要:
这项工作检查在双壳类挖洞运动的实例中功能形态和行为之间的相关关系。一种简单的可评价的行为和丰富的化石记录足够的显示出这些动物在形态上的适应。在这篇论文中,呈现了机器人安装到模拟挖洞双壳类的行为。自然的双壳形状和人为设计的模型形状都是通过摇摆的方式拉到沉淀物中,这些动物通常也是这样行动。在挖洞性能方面,不同的形状,运动模式和水驱逐机制来被评估和相比。结果显示,使用进一步(改进)平台的实验可能揭示双壳类如何打洞,功能形态特征进化以及如何制造高效的自动打洞设备。
关键词:仿生,水下机器人,功能形态, 挖洞运动,贝壳形态,双壳类,人工进化

附件:(外文资料原文)
原文出处:WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol 138, © 2010 WIT Press
Bivalve burrowing robots: correlating shell morphology and movement pattern with burrowing efficiency D. P. Germann1, W. Schatz2& P. Eggenberger Hotz31Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, University of Zurich, Switzerland 2Academic Services Centre, University of Lucerne, Switzerland 3Mærsk-McKinney-Møller Institute,University of Southern Denmark,Denmark
Abstract
This work examines correlations between functional morphology and behaviour in the instance of the burrowing locomotion of bivalves. A comparatively simple and assessable behaviour and a rich fossil record documenting the evolutionary adaptations in morphology make these animals adequate for investigation. In this paper a robotic setup to simulate the burrowing behaviour of bivalves is presented. Models of both natural bivalve shell shapes and artificially designed shapes are pulled into sediment in the rocking modality these animals typically use. Different shapes, motion patterns and a water expulsion mechanism are evaluated and compared in terms of  burrowing performance. The results presented here and further experiments using the (improved) platform may shed light on how bivalves burrow, how features of functional morphology evolved and how efficient automatic burrowing devices may be constructed.
Keywords:  biorobotics, biomimetics, underwater robots, functional morphology, burrowing locomotion, shell morphology, bivalves, artificial evolution.